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Expanded Bibliography

(This is a longer version of the bibliography that appears in the book.)

Aaron, Hank and Lonnie Wheeler. I Had a Hammer: The Hank Aaron Story. New York: HarperPaperbacks,1992.
AARP Bulletin. “Maybe I’ll Work Forever.” April 2007.
Abel, Rick E. “After Honors, ‘Satchel’ Paige Dies.” The Call. June 11-17, 1982.
Adair, Robert K. The Physics of Baseball. New York: Perennial, 2002.
Addie, Bob. “Bob Addie's Column.” Washington Post. November 30, 1958.
———. “Due Recognition.” Washington Post. February 5, 1971.
———. “Same Old Satchel.” Washington Post. August 10, 1971.
———. “The Big Picture.” Washington Post. February 21, 1971.
Adomites, Paul, et al. The Golden Age of Baseball. Lincolnwood, Ill.: Publications International, 2003.
Advocate (Baton Rouge, LA). “Postal Service Honors Legend.” July 7, 2000.
Afro-American (Baltimore and Washington) “1930 Edition of Black Sox Promises to be Fast Outfit.” April 12, 1930.
———. “25,000 Watch as Yanks and Crawfords Win.” October 6, 1934.
———. “Abe Manley to Explain Paige Riddle Friday.” May 7, 1938.
———. “Barons Win Two.” July 9, 1927.
———. “Black Sox Boast a Pair o’ Kings.” May 3, 1930.
———. “The Black Sox Guns are Ready to Boom.” April 19, 1930, 10.
———. “Black Sox Player Jailed Following Fight in Cuba.” February 8, 1930.
———. “Black Sox Trim White Club.” June 28, 1930.
———. “Chi Gets a Look at Satchel Paige.” May 19, 1934.
———. “Crawfords Drop One, Win 2.” May 12, 1934.
———. “Crawfords Take 2 from Cubans.” May 16, 1936.
———.“Crawfords Take 3 from Chicago in League Tests.” July 14, 1934
———. “Craws Divide with Yanks and Bearded Nine.” May 21, 1932.
———. “Double Plays, Heavy Blows, Feature Two Sox Victories.” May 3, 1930.
———. “Enters Baseball's Hall of Fame.” September 14, 1935.
———. “The Great Big Man from the South.” March 22, 1930.
———. “Grays Split with Crawfords in Hometown.” July 14, 1934.
———. “Kaysees Win 2nd Tilt, 8-4.” September 19, 1942.
———. “K.C. Monarchs Beat Schoolboy Rowe.” October 26, 1935.
———. “League Ban Hits Paige.” May 1, 1937.
———. “‘More Dough!’ Cries Seay; ‘Oh, Yea?’ Snorts Manley.” April 23, 1938.
———. “Newark Signs Satchel Paige.” January 27, 1940.
———. “Paige Dancing Troubles Away; May Go to SA.” April 23, 1938.
———. “Paige Fans 8 as Giants Win.” October 29, 1932.
———. “Paige, Young Hurl Giants to Victory.” February 10, 1934.
———. “Satch Just Blinds 'em.” May 27, 1944.
———. “Satchel Hurls 21 Zero Frames.” August 10, 1946.
———. “Satchell Paige Detained by Cops.” June 2, 1934.
———. “Satchell Paige Fans 17 Men.” December 2, 1933.
———. “Satchel Paige ‘Loses’ Wife and $1,800.” August 14, 1943.
———. “Satchel Paige in Form but Monarchs Lose.” October 5, 1935.
Ainslie, Peter. “In Kentucky: Memories of Black Baseball.” Time. August 10, 1981.
Ajemian, Bob. “Paige Okay Now-New Store Teeth.” Sporting News. July 19, 1950.
Alabama, State of. “An Act to Create Reform School for Training of Juvenile Negro Law-Breakers.” 1911. No. 336, H. 238
Allen, Lee. “Satch Contributes to Legend.” Sporting News. March 29, 1969.
———. The American League Story: A Colorful and Exciting History. New York: Hill & Wang, 1962.
Allen, Maury. “Satchel Withstood the Test of Time.” New York Post. June 9, 1982.
———. Jackie Robinson: A Life Remembered. New York: Franklin Watts, 1987.
Alsobrook, David E. “The Mobile Streetcar Boycott of 1902: African American Protest or Capitulation?” Alabama Review, April 2003.
———. Alabama’s Port City: Mobile During the Progressive Era, 1896-1917. Ph.D. diss., Auburn University, 1983.
Amsterdam News (New York, NY). “30,000 See KC Triumph at Stadium.” September 19, 1942.
———. “Eagles’ Owner Wants Pitcher from Pitt Nine.” April 9, 1938.
———. “Manley and Greenlee Are Not Agreed over Star Pitching Ace.” April 10, 1938.
———. “Memphis Wallops Satch Paige, 4-1.” May 23, 1942.
———. “Paige Faces N.N.L. Ban.” May 21, 1938.
———. “Report Satchel Paige with K.C. Monarchs.” May 6, 1939.
———. “Satchel Loses Brooklyn Debut, 3-2.” July 8, 1944.
———. “Satchel Paige and Manley Make up.” January 20, 1940.
———. “Satchel Paige Hauled into Court by Manley.” April 23, 1938.
———. “Satchel Paige Leads Monarchs into Ebbets Field on July 2d.” July 1, 1944.
———. “Satchel Paige May Pitch Newark Opener, May 5th. May 4, 1940.
———. “Satchel Paige Restrained from Going to South America.” April 30, 1938.
———. “Western League Gets Satchel Paige.” June 29, 1940.
Anchorage Daily News. “Paige Says He’ll Boss Anchorage Earthquakers.” August 27, 1965.
———. “Paige’s Plan No Surprise.” August 27, 1965.
———. “Satchel Paige Greeted by Unexpected Visitor.” August 26, 1965.
———. “SportsSpiel with O’Neill.” August 25, 1965.
Anderson, Dave. “Josh Gibson: Greatest Hitter I Ever Pitched to.” Orlando Sentinel. February 8, 1972.
———. “Looking Back at Satchel.” New York Times. June 10, 1982.
———. “Satch Surveys Catfish and Ages.” New York Times. October 12, 1976.
———. “Satchel Paige Finally Looks Back.” New York Times. May 31, 1981.
Anderson, Russell. “The Truth about Satch’s Age.” American Weekly. March 15, 1953.
Armstead, Emmet. “Paige Helps Crawfords Divide Pair with Grays.” Chicago Defender. July 11, 1936.
Armstrong, Jim. “Negro League’s Hidden Talent Labored on Fields of Dreams.” Denver Post. March 28, 1999.
Armstrong, Linda. “Satchel… A Story Which Should Be Told.” Amsterdam News (New York, NY). January 22-28, 1998.
Arnold, Millard. “Negro Leagues Revisited.” Washington Post. July 10, 1971.
Aron, Paul. Did Babe Ruth Call His Shot? And Other Unsolved Mysteries of Baseball. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2005.
Associated Press. “Griffith Backs Monarchs.” New York Times. October 25, 1945.
———. “How Really Great Was Satchel?” New York Times. August 10, 1971.
———. “Will Appeal to Chandler.” New York Times. October 24, 1945.
Athens Messenger (Athens, OH). “Feller’s Team Wins.” October 3, 1946.
Atlanta Constitution. “Mobile Buries Many Victims of Hurricane.” October 1, 1906.
Baird, T.Y., Collection. Kenneth Spencer Research Library. University of Kansas.
Bak, Richard. Turkey Stearnes and the Detroit Stars: The Negro Leagues in Detroit, 1919-1933. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1994.
Baker, Ray Stannard. Following the Color Line: An Account of Negro Citizenship in the American Democracy. Williamstown: Corner House Publishers, 1973.
Baltimore Sun. “Satch’s Fast Ball Was Elusive as a ‘Shadow.’” June 27, 1982.
Bamberger, Michael. “Man of a Century.” Sports Illustrated. July 15, 2002.
Banker, Stephen. Black Diamonds: An Oral History of Negro Baseball. Washington, DC: Tapes
for Readers, 1978.
Bankes, James. The Pittsburgh Crawfords: The Lives & Times of Black Baseball’s Most Exciting Team! Dubuque, IA: Wm. C. Brown Publishers, 1991.
Barnes, Walter. “The Broadcast.” Chicago Defender. May 1, 1937.
Barthel, Thomas. Baseball Barnstorming and Exhibition Games, 1901-1962: A History of Off-Season Major League Play. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Company, 2007.
Bartlett, Charles. “Little to Play at North Shore for Caddy Fund.” Chicago Tribune. September 20, 1935.
Baseball: A Film by Ken Burns, “The Fifth Inning: Shadow Ball.DVD. Directed by Ken Burns. U.S.: PBS, 1994.
Baseball Almanac. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/. Accessed repeatedly.
Baseball Classics: 1948 World Series, Cleveland Indians vs Boston Braves. DVD. Rare Sportsfilms, Inc., 1988.
Baseball Library.  http://www.baseballlibrary.com/. Accessed repeatedly.
Baseball Reference. http://www.baseball-reference.com/. Accessed repeatedly. 
Beale, Harry. “Local Sports Slants.” Pittsburgh Courier. November 17, 1934.
Bearden, Bessye. “Cole’s Giants and Philly Stars Lose Before 25,000.” Chicago Defender. October 6, 1934.
Beck, Marilyn. “Satchel Paige Movie May Not Have the Right Stuff.” Chicago Tribune. December 2, 1980.
Beck, Peggy. “Working in the Shadows of Rickey and Robinson: Bill Veeck, Larry Doby and the Advancement of Black Players in Baseball.” Cooperstown Symposium on Baseball and American Culture, 1997. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2000.
Bell, J. Walter. Letter to the editor. New York Times. August 7, 1948.
Bellingham Herald (Bellingham, WA). “Hit-Starved Bells Lose to Clowns.” July 27, 1967.
Benfield, Robert F. “Our Indians . . . 1949 Champions in Baseball . . . and Democracy?” Cleveland Call and Post. April 23, 1949.
———. “Slump Brightened a Bit by Work Of Doby and Paige.” Cleveland Call and Post. May 28, 1949.
Berger, Wally and George Snyder. “An Encounter with the Great Satchel Paige.” The Diamond Angle. Winter 2001.
Berger, Walter Anton and George Morris Snyder. … Freshly Remember’d. Redondo Beach, CA: Schneider/McGuirk Press, 1993.
Berkow, Ira. “Ryan, Paige and Rules for Keeping Young.” New York Times. March 9, 1992.
———. “Satchel Paige: ‘New General is Taking Over.’” Chillicothe Constitution-Tribune (Chillicothe, MO). March 31, 1969.
Bilovsky, Frank. “Satchel Paige – Bittersweet Tale of a Sad ‘Clown.’” Philadelphia Sunday Bulletin. August 14, 1966.
Birmingham Reporter. “Black Barons.” July 13, 1929.
———. “Black Barons Play Camp Benning Here Next Week.” April 14, 1928.
———. “Black Barons Win and Lose at Kansas City.” July 7, 1928.
———. “Fight at St Louis Park Halts 3rd Game; Near Riot as Mitchell Chases Paige with Bat.” July 2, 1927.
———. “Satchel Strikes Out 17; Barons Split Series.” July 20, 1929.
Bismarck Tribune. “All Hail, Bismarck’s First National Championship Team.” August 28, 1935.
———. “Baseball Spirit Grips City as Bismarck-Jamestown Game Nears.” August 12, 1933.
———. “Bismarck and Jamestown Teams Battle 12 Innings to 1-1 Deadlock.” August 28, 1933.
———. “Bismarck Baseball Club Pelts Davis for Nine Hits to Win 4 to 2.” May 21, 1934.
———. “Bismarck Beats House of David, 3-2, Behind Paige.” June 13, 1935.
———. “Bismarck Blanks Beulah 8 to 0 Behind Satchel Paige’s Fine Pitching.” August 19, 1933.
———. “Bismarck Blanks Lakers Behind Paige’s Brilliant One-Hit Pitching: Dusky Star Whiffs 15 Batters in 3-0 Shutout Tuesday.” May 29, 1935.
———. “Bismarck Champions Win Three of Four Games Played in Colorado.” September 3, 1935.
———. “Bismarck Conquers Valley City, 2 to 1: Satchel Paige Turns in Brilliant Two-Hit Mount Feat, Whiffs 17 Batters.” June 27, 1935.
———. “Bismarck Defeats Monarchs, 8 to 4.” September 5, 1935.
———. “Bismarck Defeats Pierre, S.D., 18-3.” July 27, 1935.
———. “Bismarck Downs Lead, 10-5, Continues Invasion Into S.D.: Paige and Morris Allow Only Six Hits.” July 26, 1935.
———. “Bismarck Faces ‘Crucial’ National Tourney Test Tonight.” August 20, 1935.
———. “Bismarck Hands Wichita Water First Tournament Defeat, 8-4.” August 19, 1935.
———. “Bismarck Nine Defeats Denver Champions, 4 to 1: Paige Allows Only 5 Scattered Hits and Strikes Out 12.” August 21, 1935.
———. “Bismarck Nine Divides Doubleheader with Kansas City Monarchs: Morris Suffers 2-1 Setback in Opener; Paige Triumphs, 2-0.” June 17, 1935.
———. “Bismarck Nine Ends Year Slaughtering Association All-Stars 15-2.” September 13, 1933.
———. “Bismarck Nine Will End Season at Jamestown Sunday: Satchel Paige and Barney Brown Are Expected to Pitch.” September 9, 1933.
———. “Bismarck Nips Jamestown 3-2 with Thrilling Rally Late in Game.” August 14, 1933.
———. “Bismarck Only Undefeated Nine in National Meet: Paige Sets Duncan Down with 5 Hits as Locals Win 3-1.” August 24, 1935.
———. “Bismarck Overwhelms Twin City Giants in Final Home Game, 21-6.” August 12, 1935.
———. “Bismarck Rallies to Defeat Monroe Monarchs at Wichita, 6 to 4: Paige Strikes Out 16 in Local Nine’s First Tourney Tilt.” August 16, 1935.
———. “Bismarck Slaughter Sioux City Stockyards Team by 9 to 2 Score: Locals Get Six Two Baggers and Paige Coasts to Victory.” August 22, 1933.
———. “Bismarck Trounces Canadian-American All-Stars, 13-0, 8-1.” July 29, 1935.
———. “Bismarck Wins National Semi-Pro Pennant, Capital City Club Defeats Oklahoma Sluggers, 5 to 2.” August 28, 1935.
———. “Brady Pitches Jamestown to Brilliant 2-1 Victory over Bismarck: Paige Allows Five Hits; Passed Ball Loses Game in 8th.” May 6, 1935.
———. “Capital City Club Turns Back Lakers’ Cleveland Rookies, 3-2.” May 16, 1935.
———. “Capital City Nine Shells Two Williston Pitchers in 14-5 Victory.” May 20, 1935.
———. “Capital City Team Wins 2nd Manitoba Tournament.” August 9, 1935.
———. “Churchill Relies on Paige, Morris to Beat Negro House of David.” June 29, 1935. 
_____. “City Fetes Manager of Bismarck’s U.S. Semi-professional Champions,” September 11, 1935.
———. “Colored Visitors Succumb to Home Run Spree Friday.” August 10, 1935.
———. “Devils Lake Edges Out Bismarck, 4-3, Taking 2nd in Row.” June 21, 1935.
———. “Devils Lake Noses Out Bismarck, 2-1, to Win Brandon Tournament: Locals Advance to Finals with 4-1 Victory over Shreveport Acme Giants.” July 18, 1935.
———. “Five First-Inning Home Runs Feature Weird Game Sunday.” August 12, 1935.
———. “Great Colored Hurler Coming Here Next Week.” May 17, 1934.
———. “Great Negro Athlete Pitches Bismarck to Title.” August 28, 1935.
———. “Hilton Smith Pitches Bismarck to 7-2 Victory.” July 15, 1935..
———. “How Can They Hit Safely When They Can’t See ‘Em?” August 24, 1935.
———. “Johnson's Homers, Hurling of Morris, Paige Outstanding.” July 1, 1935.
———. “Leary’s Homer Starts Hot Argument as Locals Beat Jimmies, 4-2: Satchel Paige wins Seventeenth as Bismarck Takes One-Game Lead in Series.”July 8, 1935.
———. “Local Club Chalks up Thrilling 2-1 Victory over Jamestown.” June 3, 1935.
———. “Local Club Outhits Lakers, Loses 8-5.” June 20, 1935.
———. “Local Trounce Valley City Behind Paige’s Three-Hit Pitching: Dusky Mound Star Raps Tripe, Three Singles in 5-1 Win.” May 21, 1935.
———.“Locals Defeat Valley City, 11-4, Play at Forx Monday.” June 10, 1935.
———. “Locals Play Post-Tourney Games, Get Good Publicity.” August 31, 1935.
———. “Locals Shell Four House of David Hurlers in Double Win, 8-7, 7-0: Paige, Troupe Play Lead Roles in Twin Victories Thursday.” May 31, 1935.
———. “Locals Win Three Games, Tie One in Canadian Tourney.” July 10, 1935.
———. “Locals, KC Monarchs Play Scoreless at Winnipeg: Paige and Brewer Hook up in Brilliant Mound Duel Called in Ninth Inning.” June 7, 1935.
———. “Masterful Two-Hit Pitching of Smith, Paige Takes Title.” August 6, 1935.
———. “Mexican All-Stars Blank Bismarck, 3-0.” July 5, 1935.
———. “Neil O. Churchill, Ex-Mayor of City, Dies at Age 78.” September 30, 1969.
———. “Paige Bows to Bismarck Club, 10-2; Negro ‘Beards.’” July 28, 1935.
———. “Paige and Medlock, Colored Pitchers, Have Not Arrived.” May 12, 1934.
———. “Paige Blanks Jamestown with Masterful Three-Hit Pitching Feat: Goetz’s Home Run Touches off Three Run Rally in Third.” May 13, 1935.
———. “Paige Blanks Jimmies, Haley’s Home Run Provides 1-0 Victory: Dusky Mound Star Allows Only Three Safe Hits, Fans 15.” July 24, 1935.
———. “Paige’s No-Hit Relief Flinging, Single in Tenth Beats Beulah, 5-4.” May 27, 1935.
———. “Satchel Paige Arrives in Bismarck Fresh from 17 Wins on Pacific Coast.” March 25, 1935.
———. “Satchel Paige Coming.” August 10, 1933.
———. “Satchel Paige May Pitch for Locals Against American All-Stars.” September 26, 1934.
———. “Satchel Paige or Chet Brewer Will Get Pitching Call.” October 3, 1934.
———. “Satchel Paige Saga.” June 15, 1948.
———. “Satchel Paige Will Be Here Next Week, He Tells Managers.” March 29, 1934.
———. “Satchel Paige, Colored Hurler, Expected in Bismarck Next Week.” January 24, 1934.
Bivens, Shawn A. Mobile, Alabama’s People of Color: A Tricentennial History, 1702-2002. Vol. 1.  Victoria, BC: Trafford Publishing, 2004.
Bjarkman, Peter C. A History of Cuban Baseball, 1864-2006. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2007.
———. Baseball with a Latin Beat: A History of the Latin American Game. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 1994.
Black, Joe. “Black Gives Rundown on Majors' 1st Negro Players.” Chicago Defender. February 18, 1963.
———. “Twins Fouled up Series Forecasts.” Chicago Defender. October 22, 1965.
Blackmon, Lou. “Bring Series South.” Newark Daily News. September 24, 1938.
Blackwell, Lee. “Off the Record.” Chicago Defender. April 28, 1958.
Blackwood, Kendrick. “Stealing Home.” Pitch Weekly. February 3, 2005.
Bloomberg News Service. “Leonard, Paige Top Negro League Stars.” June 8, 1999.
Blumenstock, Kathy. “Paige Dies, Legendary Pitcher, 75.” Washington Post. July 9, 1982.
Bolden, Ed. “League Chairman Answers Critics of Negro Baseball.” Pittsburgh Courier. October 31, 1936.
Bordman, Sid. “Books 1st to Paige.” Kansas City Star. June 5, 1973.
Bostic, Joe. “Johnny Taylor Is Shelled from Mound as Paige Wins.” Afro-American. October 2, 1937.
———. “Taylor's No-Hitter Tops Satchel Paige.” Afro-American. September 25, 1937.
Boston Globe. “Record-Breaking Heat Wave Due to Smother City Today.” August 25, 1948.
———. “Thousands Fail to Get into Park to See Sox Game.” August 25, 1948.
Boswell, Thomas. “Satchel Paige: ‘Best I Ever Saw’ – Veeck.” Washington Post, June 9, 1982.
Boudreau, Lou and Ed Fitzgerald. Player-Manager. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1952.
Boudreau, Lou and Russell Schneider. Covering All the Bases. Champaign, IL: Sagamore Publishing, 1993.
Boudreau, Lou. “What's Ahead for Baseball.” Chicago Tribune. April 13, 1958.
Bowman, Larry. “Moses Fleetwood Walker: The First Black Major League Baseball Player.” In Baseball History: An Annual of Original Baseball Research, edited by Peter Levine. Westport, CT: Meckler, 1989.
Braham, Jim. “Greenberg, Boudreau Answer Satchel’s Gripes.” Cleveland Press. April 17, 1971.
———. “Paige Ends Silence, Rips Indians.” Cleveland Press. April 16, 1971.
Brands, Edgar G. “Also-Rans Place Seven on 11-Man All-Star Squad.” Sporting News. October 27, 1948.
Brascher, Nahum Daniel. “Thoughts for To-Day.” Chicago Defender. January 17, 1942.
———. “Thoughts for To-Day.” Chicago Defender. June 17, 1942.
Brashler, William. Josh Gibson: A Life in the Negro Leagues. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2000.
———. The Bingo Long Traveling All-Stars & Motor Kings. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.
———. The Story of Negro League Baseball. New York: Ticknor & Fields, 1994.
Breslin, Jimmy. “Here’s a Prime Opportunity for Baseball to Redeem Itself in the Case of Satchel Paige.” Herald Tribune (New York). July 14, 1968.

Broeg, Bob. “Jeremiah Award Most Fitting for P-D Managing Editor Lipman.” St. Louis Post-Dispatch. October 31, 1991.
———. “Old Satch Left Behind Some Great Memories.” St. Louis Post-Dispatch. June 9, 1996.
———. “Paige Could Pitch Forever and Coach, Too.” St. Louis Post-Dispatch. September 28, 1965.
———. “Satch Would be Ready Tonight.” St. Louis Post-Dispatch. October 16, 1979.
———. Baseball’s Barnum: Ray “Hap” Dumont, Founder of the National Baseball Congress. Wichita, KS: Wichita State University Center for Entrepreneurship, 1989.
Brooklyn Bulletin. “Satchel Paige, a Man to Remember.” June 23, 1982.
Brown, Dave. “Just How Good Are Race Ball Players?” Chicago Defender. September 12, 1936.
Brown, Sam. “American League Stars Lose to Paige and Mates.” Chicago Defender. October 4, 1941.
———. “Memphis Star Left-Hand Hurler.” Chicago Defender. June 6, 1942.
———. “Paige and Monarchs Play All-Stars Sunday.” Chicago Defender. September 27, 1941.
Browning, Wilt. “‘Baseball’ Might Have Missed This.” Greensboro News & Record. September 20, 1994.
Bruce, Janet. The Kansas City Monarchs: Champions of Black Baseball. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1985.
Buffalo Courier. “The Colored Ball Match.” August 22, 1870.
Bulger, William W. “Owsley Signs Satchel Paige to His Staff.” Kansas City Times. May 4, 1968.
Burgos, Adrian Jr. “Playing Ball in a Black and White ‘Field of Dreams’: Afro-Caribbean Ballplayers in the Negro Leagues, 1910-1950.” Journal of Negro History 82, no. 1 (1997): 67-104.
Burley, Dan. “1940’s Sports Highlights.” Amsterdam News (New York, NY). January 4, 1941.
———. “All Time Sports Greats.” Chicago Defender. August 18, 1959.
———. “Behind the Play.” Chicago Defender. February 22, 1958.
———. “Confidentially Yours.” Amsterdam News. May 3, 1941.
———. “Confidentially Yours.” Amsterdam News. May 17, 1941.
———. “Confidentially Yours.” Amsterdam News. August 9, 1941.
———. “Famed Hurler Quits Kay See to Come Here.” Amsterdam News. May 3, 1941.
———. “Kay See Nine Leads Pittsburgh Team in Negro World Series.” Kansas City Chronicle. September 18, 1942.
———. “Looking Back at the East-West Classic in Chi.” Pittsburgh Courier. September 8, 1934.
———. “Paige Bests Foster in Great Mound Duel.” Afro-American. September 1, 1934.
———. “Paige Fans 8, but Giants Beat Monarchs Anyhow.” Chicago Defender. September 28, 1935.
______. “Satchel Mixes Curves with Speed to Win 5-3 Verdict,” Amsterdam News. May 17, 1941.
———. “Sports Round-Up.” Afro-American. September 7, 1935.
———. “Talkin' Out Loud.” Chicago Defender. January 30, 1937.
———. “Talkin' Out Loud.” Chicago Defender. February 20, 1937.
———. “Talkin' Out Loud.” Chicago Defender. February 27, 1937.  
———. “Talkin' Out Loud.” Chicago Defender. April 17, 1937.
———. “The Ways of Sports.” Chicago Defender. October 1, 1958.
———. “When Rube Busted Baseball to Bits.” Chicago Defender. July 13, 1959.
Burnes, Brian. “The Legend Gains on Satchel Paige.” Kansas City Star. July 20, 1980.
Burns, Edward. “Boston Beats Indians, 9-8; Takes Lead.” Chicago Tribune. August 25, 1948.
———. “Feet Didn't Start Name of ‘Satchel.’” Chicago Tribune. August 29, 1948.
———. “It's Costing Satch Dough to Be a Hero.” Chicago Tribune. August 26, 1948.
———. “Paige Subdues Senators for Indians, 10 to 1.” Chicago Tribune. August 31, 1948.
———. “Satch Taken on Ability, Not as Freak.” Chicago Tribune. August 28, 1948.
———. “Satch Upset by Indians' Regulations.” Chicago Tribune. August 27, 1948.
Butler, Rosemary Braziel. Rosemary’s Journey: Surviving Segregation with Privileged Pizzazz. Mobile, AL: Self-published, 2005.
Cahn, Leonard. “House of David Looks Strong in First Tournament Victory.” Denver Post. August 4, 1934.
———. “House of David, United, Fuel Los Angeles Win.” Denver Post. August 9, 1934.
———. “‘Satch’ Wins 3 in Five Days in Big Denver Tourney.” Denver Post, August 18, 1934.  
———. “Satchel Paige Hurls Whiskers to 4-0 Shutout over Texans.” Denver Post. August 9, 1934.
Calvin, Floyd. “It's News to Me.” Chicago Defender. May 16, 1936.
Campanella, Roy. It’s Good to Be Alive. Boston: Little, Brown, 1959.
Cannon, Jimmy. “Endless Road for Satchel.” New York Post. August 16, 1955.
———. “You’re Satchel Paige . . .” New York Post. June 9, 1982.
Capozzi, Joe. “Smith Knows Importance of Past.” Palm Beach Post. August 20, 2000.
Carmer, Carl Lamson. Stars Fell on Alabama. Rahway, NJ: Quinn & Boden Company, 1934.
Carmichael, John P. My Greatest Day in Baseball. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1996.
Carter, Art. “48,000 Watch East Turn Back West All-Stars, 5-2.” Afro-American. August 22, 1942.
———. “50,000 Fans See East…” Afro-American. August 2, 1941.
———. “From the Bench.” Afro-American. June 15, 1940.
———. “From the Bench.” Afro-American. August 22, 1942.
———. “New Issue Looms on Satchel Paige.” Afro-American. June 15, 1940.
———. “Old Satch Baseball's Most Colorful Hurler.” Afro-American.  August 2, 1941.
———. “War Looms in Baseball League.” Afro-American. June 15, 1940.
Carter, Booker H., Jr. “Michigan.” Chicago Defender. October 4, 1941.
Carter, Richard. “Baseball as Usual: If You’re Black, Get Back.” Amsterdam News (New York, NY). December 1, 1999.
Casey, Lawrence ‘Larry’. “Sports Ledger.” Chicago Defender. August 15, 1966.
———. “Sports Ledger.” Chicago Defender. June 21, 1967.
———. “Sports Ledger.” Chicago Defender. August 22, 1968.
 Catlin, Roger. “Staging Satchel: A Grateful Dead Member’s Salute to a Baseball Great.” Record (Hackensack, NJ). November 6, 1997.
Cerf, Bennett. “Try and Stop Me.” Atchison Daily Globe (Atchison, KS). November 22, 1948.
———. “Try and Stop Me.” Chicago Defender. April 12, 1960.
Chadwick, Bruce. When the Game Was Black and White: The Illustrated History of Baseball’s Negro Leagues. New York: Abbeville Press, 1992.
Chamberlain, John. “Reading for Pleasure.” Review of The Fireside Book of Baseball, by Charles Einstein, ed. Wall Street Journal. October 22, 1956.
Chandler, A.B. Oral History Project. University of Kentucky Library.
Chapin, Dwight. “Ol' Satch: After All These Years, He's Ailing.” Los Angeles Times. April 27, 1969.
———. “Satchel Paige Came to My Hometown.” San Francisco Chronicle. July 19, 2001.
———. “The Bad Old Days.” Los Angeles Times. January 13, 1977.
Chattanooga News. “Chattanooga White Sox Beat Black Crackers.” May 7, 1926.
———. “Colored White Sox Beat Black Crackers.” May 10, 1926.
Chattanooga Times. “Negro White Sox Win Double-Header.” August 9, 1926.
Cherokee, Charley. “National Grapevine.” Chicago Defender. June 13, 1942.
Chicago Defender. “10,000 See Satchel Paige Beat Chicago 2 to 1.” May 24, 1941. 
———. “22,000 See Satchel Paige Pitch in Washington.” June 6, 1942.
———. “25,000 See Paige Time Cubans 1-0.” June 24, 1943.
———. “25,000 Turn Out-Paige and Kansas City Defeat Newark Eagles.” August 30, 1941.
———. “27,500 See Kansas City and Paige Defeat Cubans.” July 26, 1941.
———. “30,000 Jam Shows We’re Game's Asset.” August 29, 1936.
———. “30,000 See Kansas City, Chicago Divide.” August 12, 1944.
———. “9th Inning Rally Gives Paige Victory.” November 6, 1943.
———. “Adventures in Race Relations.” October 23, 1948.
———. “Age Keeps One, Color the Other, From World's Series.” October 10, 1936.
———. “Ageless Satchel Paige.” August 31, 1968.
———. “Ageless Satchel Shows Hidden Skill.” September 18, 1971.
———. “Alex Radcliffe Steals Home to Beat Paige.” June 15, 1944.
———. “All-Stars to Play Before Legionnaires.” September 11, 1937.
———. “American League Needed Paige to Win All-Star Tilt.” July 18, 1936.
———. “And They Said Paige Couldn't Come Back.” September 28, 1965.
———. “Around the Diamond.” December 5, 1931.
———. “Atlanta Braves Show Some Heart-Satchel to Qualify.” August 17, 1968.
———. “Baseball in Brief.” March 22, 1941.
———. “Baseball Men in Conference.” March 10, 1945.
———. “Baseball Season Over: No Big League Tryouts.” October 10, 1942.
———. “Baseball’s Funniest Man.” May 30, 1942.
———. “Battle to Lift Ban on These and Other Stars in Baseball.” August 29, 1936.
———. “Big Leaguers Trim Satchel Paige 3 to 2.” November 20, 1943.
———. “Birmingham Leads Series with Detroit.” July 20, 1929.
———. “Birmingham Takes 2 from Kansas City.” May 8, 1943.
———. “Bob Feller Bests Ol' Satchel Paige.” November 3, 1945.
———. “Bob Feller Bests Paige in St. Louis.” October 11, 1941.
———. “Boston Drives Paige off Mound.” September 4, 1948.
———. “Braves Hire Satchel Paige.” August 13, 1968.
———. “Braves Put Satch on Waivers List.” October 22, 1968.
———. “Brooklyn Defeats Paige.” June 1, 1940.
———. “Charlie Cherokee Says.” May 15, 1975.
———. “Chicago Ends Bid for Paige.” April 18, 1936.
———. “Chicago Fans Honor Satchel Paige Who Wins 4-2.” August 1, 1942.
———. “
‘Chicago to Have Great Club’-Taylor.” February 14, 1942.
———. “Cleveland Franchise Moved to Louisville.” February 19, 1949. 
———. “Clowns Sign ‘Satchel’; to Appear  Here, Aug. 19.” July 30, 1966.
———. “Coast Newspapers Work to Get Race in Majors.” August 10, 1935.
———. “Cornelius, Duncan Jump to Mexico.” May 11, 1940.
———.“Crawfords Drub Giants.” July 14, 1934.
———. “Craws and Grays Switch Rivalry from the Field.” April 14, 1934.
———. “Cubans Defeat Paige in 11th.” June 8, 1944.
———. “Detroit Has Hard Time to Beat Barons.” September 15, 1928.
———. “Divorce Summons Darkens Satchel's Brilliant ‘Day.’” July 24, 1943.
———. “Dizzy Dean? Paige Is Better Says Young Ace.” March 6, 1937.
———. “Dodgers Good Club, Campy Still Thinks.” August 9, 1958.
———. “Don Newcombe, Paige Win Again; Larry Doby Nears .300 at Plate.” August 6, 1949.
———. “East Is Not Sorry That Satchel Paige Is Gone.” May 13, 1939.
———. “Equal to Satchel Paige?” April 18, 1942.
———. “Ethiopian Clowns Down Paige's Team.” June 21, 1941.
———. “Everybody Wants Satchel Paige, Nobody His Salary.” February 9, 1935.
———. “Fans Turn Backs on Yankees Who Hire No Negroes.” May 24, 1952.
———. “Fans Want Race Stars in Majors.” March 6, 1937.
———. “Fans, Meet Baseball's Greatest Figure.” May 4, 1935.
———. “Feller Again Beats Paige's Ball Club.” October 25, 1947.
———. “Feller Wins in Chi.” October 12, 1946.
———. “Fetchit to Do Movie on Paige.” November 29, 1952.
———. “Foster Loses to Paige in Tourney.” September 9, 1933.
———. “Giants Eye Paige, Champion Pitcher.” March 28, 1936.
———. “Globetrotters and Paige's Stars Tour.” May 1, 1948.
———. “Globetrotters Win 7-2 from Paige's Stars.” May 15, 1948.
———. “Grays Beat Monarchs and Paige in Tenth.” June 27, 1942.
———. “Grays Defeat Kansas City and Paige; Score 6-5.” September 9, 1944.
———. “Greenlee Crew Wins Pair, Then Drops Final Game.” June 17, 1933.
———. “Groundhog Outpitches Satchel Paige, 6 to 1.” November 17, 1945.
———. “Gus Greenlee Says Lewis Will Kayo Burman Before 7th.” September 26, 1936.
———. “Hail Accomplishments of 1932 Athletes.” December 31, 1932.
———. “Hall of Fame Seeks Negro League Stars.” July 29, 1969.
———. “Havana Cubans Beat Paige's 9.” June 21, 1941.
———. “Hollywood Grabs Satchel Paige’s ‘Face’ for Film.” October 18, 1958.
———. “How Satch Does It.” June 6, 1953.
———. “‘I Keep Coming Back’ Says Pitching Marvel Satchel.” August 31, 1968.
———. “In Mexico.” June 24, 1939.
———. “It Was a Champion Party.” August 30, 1975.
———. “Jumping Ball Players May Be Sent Home.” July 10, 1937.
———. “Kansas City Allen Quits as Manager.” April 4, 1942.
———. “Kansas City and Paige Swipe Double-Header.” May 16, 1942.
———. “Kansas City Monarchs Win World Championship.” October 10, 1942.
———. “Kansas City Takes First From Grays.” September 19, 1942.
———. “Kansas City Whips Grays Second Time.” September 19, 1942.
———. “Kansas City with Paige Beats Phils.” July 26, 1941.
———. “Luke Jinx to Satchel.” May 27, 1958.
———. “Major Leagues: Jim Crowed.” May 30, 1936.
———. “Marlins Ride to Top on Old Satchel's Arm.” August 11, 1956.
———. “Memphis Takes Twin Bill from Kansas City, Paige.” August 5, 1944.
———. “Monarchs Blank Paige's All-Stars in Two Games.” October 7, 1939.
———. “Mrs. Paige Wins Divorce and $1,500 from Satchel.” August 14, 1943.
———. “NBC Examines Black Stars.” July 29, 1974.
———. “New York Law May Force Negroes into Major, Minor…” February 10, 1945.
———. “Newark Nine Discovers 2nd Satchel Paige.” April 19, 1941.
———. “No Hits, No Runs by Paige.” September 21, 1940.
———. “North Team Pounces on Paige; South Loses.” October 7, 1944.
———. “Ol' Diz Dean No Match for Satchel Paige.” July 14, 1945.
———. “Ol' Satchel Again Signs with Indians.” February 26, 1949.
———. “Ol’ Satch Gets in as Reliever.” October 16, 1948.
———. “Old Satch Joins Veeck's Marlins.” May 5, 1956.
———. “Oldest Rookie That Ever Walked into the Majors.” February 20, 1962.
———. “Ole Satch Keeps Rollin' Along, Pitches 10 Scoreless Innings.” June 28, 1952.
———. “Ole Satch Nears End of Career.” February 18, 1950.
———. “‘Ole Satchel’ Throws a Fast One at Rumor.” August 27, 1949.
———. “Open Fight to Get Negroes in Major Leagues.” May 30, 1942.
———. “Other Papers Say.” September 25, 1948.
———. “Paige and E. Chicago Team Lose to Detroit.” July 31, 1943.
———. “Paige and Gibson Draw Big Crowds.” August 19, 1950.
———. “Paige and Kansas City Kick Cleveland Out of Lead; Barons Tie Red Sox.” August 21, 1943.
———. “Paige and Kansas City Play for South Side Boys.” July 18, 1942.
———. “Paige and Monarchs Defeat Philadelphia.” June 23, 1945.
———. “Paige and Monarchs Trim Memphis Sox.” July 28, 1945.
———. “Paige and Smith Tame Dizzy Dean's All-Stars.” May 30, 1942.
———. “Paige and Willis Close Winter League with Win.” January 20, 1934.
———. “Paige and Willis Do It Once More; Whip Big League Aces.” January 27, 1934.
———. “Paige Asks for Change.” January 16, 1937.
———. “Paige Back to Crawfords So He's a Hero, Not a Bum.” May 9, 1936.
———. “Paige Beats Bucks in 12.” June 17, 1944.
———. “Paige Beats Phils.” July 26, 1941.
———. “Paige Beats Seals.” April 2, 1949.
———. “Paige Beats Taylor, 9-5 in Star Tilt.” October 2, 1937.
———. “Paige Day on Coast Is Also Whitewash Day.” November 25, 1933.
———. “Paige Defeats American Giants.” August 4, 1945.
———. “Paige Defeats Black Yankees.” August 18, 1945.
———. “Paige Drops 2-1 Game to All Stars.” November 27, 1943.
———. “Paige Enters ‘real’ Baseball Hall of Fame, 64.” July 10, 1971.
———. “Paige Holds Barons to One Hit.” May 26, 1951.
———. “Paige Hurls Kansas City to Victory.” August 16, 1941.
———. “Paige Hurls, Kansas City Trims Chicago.” July 12, 1941.
———. “Paige Hurls; Cubans Lose.” September 2, 1944.
———. “Paige in Rescue Role; Kansas City Beats Chicago 4-3.” June 5, 1943.
———. “Paige Is Baseball's Greatest Drawing Card.” August 28, 1948.
———. “Paige Is Best.” September 25, 1937.
———. “Paige Jinxes Senators and N.Y. Yankees.” August 14, 1948.
———. “Paige Knocked Out of Box by Detroit.” May 7, 1949.
———. “Paige Loses Mound Duel to Barnhill.” September 18, 1943.
———. “Paige Pays Homage to Hall Inductees.” August 17, 1974.
———. “Paige Pitches and 19,178 See Kay Cees Win.” July 12, 1941.
———. “Paige Pitches and Chicago Loses 9-3.” September 14, 1940.
———. “Paige Pitches; Monarchs Win.” June 21, 1947.
———. “Paige Pitches; Wins 2-1.” September 28, 1940.
———. “Paige Says Negroes Not Ready for Big Leagues; White Writer Hits Landis.”
August 15, 1942.
———. “Paige Signs Salina Pact, 51.” June 23, 1960.
———. “Paige Signs to Pitch for Trotter Nine.” May 15, 1954.
———. “Paige Stars; Indians Beat Brooklyn, 4-3.” July 24, 1948.
———. “Paige Tames Barons, 6 to 0.” July 22, 1944.
———. “Paige Team Loses When He Retires from Ball Game.” July 11, 1942.
———. “Paige Turns in Stellar Performance.” August 25, 1956.
———. “Paige Versus Day Sunday.” August 15, 1942.
———. “Paige Whips Cincinnati Clowns, 4-3.” August 28, 1943.
———. “Paige Wins.” August 18, 1934.
———. “Paige, East Chicago Trim Mexican Nine.” July 13, 1946.
———. “Paige, Hilton Smith in 1-Hit, Shut Out Game Against Storm’s Nine.” July 25, 1942.
———. “Paige, Kay Cees Beat Firemen.” June 10, 1944.
———. “Paige, McDaniels Hurl No Run, No Hitter.” June 20, 1942.
———. “Paige, Monarchs Defeat Bushwicks.” August 17, 1946.
———. “Paige, Monarchs, Defeat Cuban Stars, 9 to 0.” August 8, 1942.
———. “Paige, Stars Beaten Here.” September 12, 1936.
———. “Paige's All Stars Beat Havana Cubans.” June 21, 1941.
———. “Paige's All-Star Win Was History Worth Repeating.” March 6, 1937.
———. “Paige's All-Stars Win Denver Tourney.” August 21, 1937.
———. “Paige's Arm Wins $5000.” August 18, 1934.
———. “Paige's Nine Beat Bearden's All Stars.” October 30, 1948.
———. “Paige's Nine Is Beaten.” October 5, 1940.
———. “Paige's Team Triumphs 4-0.” October 12, 1946.
———. “Philly Stars Get Even with Paige for Giant.” July 21, 1934.
———. “Pres. Harridge Rules Paige's Pitch Illegal.” July 31, 1948.
———. “Ranks With the Best.” April 30, 1932.
———. “Red Sox Beat Paige's Nine.” October 12, 1940.
———. “Rocking Chair for A's Satch.” September 29, 1965.
———. “Row May Split National League.” February 24, 1940.
———. “Saperstein Holds Key.” November 21, 1953.
———. “Satch Can't Convince This ‘Fan.’” October 4, 1965.
———. “Satch Faces Surgeon's Knife.” October 9, 1948.
———. “‘Satch’ Inducted.” August 14, 1971.
———. “Satch Paige Gets Baltimore Release.” February 6, 1954.
———. “Satch' Paige Jumps Club.” August 6, 1958.
———. “Satch Paige Not Ready to Retire.” February 2, 1957.
———. “Satch Paige Rejoins the Monarchs.” June 11,1955.
———. “Satch Stops Youngsters to Win Bet.” June 6, 1953.
———. “Satchel ‘Stepin Fetchit’ Page Is No Movie Star.” October 6, 1934.
———. “Satchel Blasts Clowns.” July 1, 1967.
———. “Satchel Gets 2035 Offer.” January 14, 1969.
———. “Satchel Honored...” January 31, 1972.
———. “Satchel Hurls for Cleveland Indians.” July 17, 1948.
———. “Satchel Is Still a Big Draw.” January 10, 1957.
———. “Satchel Made Victim of No-Hit Contest.” September 25, 1937.
———. “Satchel Makes 1st Start; Loses.” August 29, 1953.
———. “Satchel Named to ‘Regular’ Hall of Fame.” July 8, 1971.
———. “Satchel Not Hurt in Florida Accident.” November 14, 1953.
———. “Satchel Page May Quit Craws.” August 19, 1933.
———. “‘Satchel’ Paige back with Craws.” May 2, 1936.
———. “Satchel Paige ‘Not Wanted.’” December 17, 1938.
———. “Satchel Paige and Indians Go Hollywood.” May 21, 1949.
———. “Satchel Paige Eyes Return to Majors.” July 25, 1959.
———. “Satchel Paige Greets Aviation Hero.” December 19, 1942.
———. “Satchel Paige Honored.” May 13, 1967.
———. “Satchel Paige in Detroit on Sept. 1.” August 24, 1940.
———. “Satchel Paige in Louisville Sunday, July 5.” June 27, 1942.
———. “Satchel Paige Is Father of a Baby Boy.” January 3, 1953.
———. “Satchel Paige Is Free Agent; May Be a Cole Giant.” January 28, 1933.
———. “Satchel Paige Is Hard Man to Really Pin Down.” August 16, 1958.
———. “Satchel Paige Is Warned to Report.” April 22, 1933.
———. “Satchel Paige Moves to Hollywood after Years in Baseball.” December 20, 1958.
———. “Satchel Paige Not Near Death as Rumors Said.” April 17, 1937.
———. “Satchel Paige Pulls Muscle.” April 30, 1949.
———. “Satchel Paige Signs to Pitch for Newark Eagles.” January 20, 1940.
———. “Satchel Paige Tames Chicago in Holiday Tilt.” June 12, 1943.
———. “Satchel Paige to American League.” June 29, 1940.
———. “Satchel Paige to Receive Sheepskin.” July 30, 1960.
———. “Satchel Paige to Write Book.” October 31, 1936.
———. “Satchel Paige Walks Out on Miami Marlins.” August 16, 1958.
———. “Satchel Paige Week's Baseball Hero.” May 19, 1934.
———. “Satchel Paige Whips House of David Nine.” September 21, 1935.
———. “Satchel Paige Wins 1-0 Seven Inning Game.” September 23, 1939.
———. “Satchel Paige Wins in Nat'l Semi-Pro 1st Round Play.” September 3, 1960.
———. “Satchel Paige Would Have Given Detroit The World.” October 19, 1940.
———. “Satchel Paige Writes Own Story.” March 20, 1962.
———. “Satchel Paige, Rip Day, Taint Jump to Mexico.” April 27, 1940.
———. “Satchel Paige.” July 28, 1971.
———. “Satchel Paige’s Aim Out.” August 3, 1935.
———. “Satchel Paige’s Contract to the House of Davids.” April 27, 1935.
———. “Satchel Twirls 10-2 Cleveland Win over Cincy.” July 25, 1931.
———. “Satchel Wants to Get Back in Major Leagues.” March 12, 1963.
———. “Satchel Would Put Senators in Front.” September 13, 1952.
———. “Satchel, Miami Win 7th, Near First Division.” May 20, 1958.
———. “Satchel's Marks Excel Modern Day Hurlers.” May 20, 1959.
———. “Satch's Dream Is Fulfilled; He's Immortal.” August 10, 1971.
———. “Says Single Season Nixed Paige's Film.” December 19, 1959.
———. “So Satchel Paige Shows Dizzy Dean How to Pitch.” November 3, 1934.
———. “Studio Bids $75,000 for ‘The Satchel Paige Story.’” December 27, 1952.
———. “Talk Again of Satchel Paige Story on Film.” May 8, 1956.
———. “Terry, Page Paige; His Arm's Good.” October 17, 1936.
———. “The Famous Mr. Paige Becomes Air-Minded.” June 6, 1946.
———. “The Saga of Satchel Paige.” May 23, 1953.
———. “They All Look Alike to Paige When He's OK.” November 18, 1933.
———. “Tom Wilson Threatens to Use Big Club.” May 24, 1941.  
———. “Veeck Purchase of Browns Signals Influx Of Negros.” June 30, 1951.
———. “Walter Johnson Speaks.” August 10, 1935.
———. “Wesley to Send Ace to Face Giants.” May 11, 1929.
———. “What Might Have Been in Baseball Had Bias Been Nixed Before Robinson.” September 10, 1962.
Chillicothe Constitution-Tribune (Chillicothe, MO). “Satchel Paige… a True American Hero.” June 10, 1982.
Christian, Ralph. “James Leslie Wilkinson: The Iowa Years, 1878-1916.” Presentation at SABR Negro League Committee Conference. Harrisburg, PA, August 2000.
Chronicle-Telegram (Elyria, OH). “Satch Still up to His Old Tricks.” June 18, 1980.
Clark, Dick and John Holway. “1930 Negro National League.” Baseball Research Journal 89: 81-86.
Clark, John L. “Satchel Paige.” Chicago Defender. June 20, 1942.
———. “Satchel Paige: The Life History of the Great Pitcher.” Chicago Defender. June 20, 1942.
———. “Wylie Avenue.” Pittsburgh Courier. December 22, 1945.
———. “Wylie Avenue.” Pittsburgh Courier. March 2, 1946.
———. “Wylie Avenue.” Pittsburgh Courier. October 24, 1947.
———. “Wylie Avenue.” Pittsburgh Courier. July 26, 1952.
———. “Wylie Avenue.” Pittsburgh Courier. September 25, 1954.
Clarke, Caroline V. “It’s Nothin’ But a Number.” Black Enterprise. April 2004.
Cleveland Call and Post. “Boudreau Says ‘Paige in my bullpen, not doghouse.’” October 2, 1948.
———. “Cop Socks Satchel Paige.” August 18, 1945.
———. “Even Mother Can't Win on Paige's Age.” July 24, 1948.
———. “Feller’s All-Stars Whitewash Satchel Paige’s Nine, 5-0, Lead in Series 2-1.” October 5, 1946.
———. “First There Was Just Doby-Now Tribe Has 13.” January 4, 1950.
———. “Gene Bearden Is Paige's Friend.” October 16, 1948.
———. “‘Gotta Go to School!’ Satchel Says; Boudreau Elated Over Debut.” July 17, 1948.
———. “Greenberg Says a Word or Two about Paige, Easter.” December 24, 1949.
———. “‘Hesitation Pitch’ Is a Balk with Men On-Harridge.” July 31, 1948.
———. “Indians Vote Full Share to Satchel.” October 16, 1948.   
———. “Paige Pitches Seven-Hitter to Nats, Wins 10 to 1.” September 4, 1948.
———. “Paige Stops Yanks; Page Halts Indians.” September 18, 1948.
———. “Paige Wins Four.” October 8, 1949.
———. “Red Sox Knock Paige Out in Third Inning.” August 28, 1948.
———. “Satch Gets 12 Votes.” November 6, 1948.
———. “Satch Leads Lemon; But Royals Lose.” October 23, 1948.
———. “Satch Paige Has Known Big League Star Hitters.” September 10, 1949.
———. “Satch Paige Paged.” May 21, 1949.
———. “Satch Sparks as Tribe Goes Down.” April 23, 1949.
———. “Satchel Signs, Sets Sights on Season String of Nineteen.” February 19, 1949.
———. “Satch's Team Blows Big Lead to Bearden's Nine.” November 13, 1948.
———. “Say Satch's Life Is to Be Filmed.” October 22, 1949.
———. “Veeck Threatens Drastic Changes for Tribe Slump.” June 11, 1949.
———. “With Sepia Stars in Majors and Minors.” August 6, 1949.
Cleveland Indians. 1949 Sketchbook.
______. 1949 Press and Radio Yearbook.
Cleveland Plain Dealer. “65,922 See Indians Beat Dodgers in 11th, 4-3.” July 15, 1948.
———. “Mother Says Satchel Is 44 Years of Age.” July 18, 1948.
———. “Paige Hurls Two Scoreless Innings, But Browns Upset Indians, 5-3.” July 10, 1948.
———. “Paige Pitches as Tribe Falls.” July 10, 1948.
———. “Scoring Rule Gives Paige 1st Victory.” July 17, 1948.
———. “Secret’s Out, Satch is 65.” October 4, 1971.
———. “Tribe Whips Dodgers, 4-3, in 11 Innings.” July 15, 1948.
Cleveland Press. “Satchel Isn’t Bitter, He’s Just Happy.” February 10, 1971.
Clivelle, Doyle.“Owners Should ‘Sell’ That Fost-Page Diamond Feud.” Chicago Defender. June 17, 1933.
Cobbledick, Gordon. “Cobbledick Writes about Satchel Paige.” Cleveland Call and Post. December 4, 1948.
———. “He’s Really Got It.” Sport. December 1948.
———. “Ol’ Satch Wins an ‘Oscar’ and Melillo Loses a Coke.” Cleveland Plain Dealer. March 30, 1949.
———. “Plain Dealing.” Cleveland Plain Dealer. July 8, 1948.
———. “Plain Dealing.” Cleveland Plain Dealer. July 13, 1948.
———. “Plain Dealing.” Cleveland Plain Dealer. July 18, 1948.
Cohane, Tim. “The Ancient Satchel.” Look. April 7, 1953.
Cohen, Haskell. “18,000 See Satch’ Win, Grays Lose.” Pittsburgh Courier. July 20, 1946.
———. “Paige Sparkles, but Mates Lose to N.Y.” Pittsburgh Courier. July 13, 1946.
———. “Satchel Sparkles as Kansas City Triumphs.” Pittsburgh Courier. August 18, 1945.
Cohen, Robert W. A Team for the Ages: Baseball’s All-Time All-Star Team. Guilford, CT: The Lyons Press, 2004.
Cole, Robert. “Ersatz Octobers: Baseball Barnstorming.” In Baseball History 4: An Annual of Original Baseball Research, edited by Peter Levine. Westport, CT: Meckler, 1991.
Colored Baseball & Sports Monthly. “Leroy ‘Satchel’ Paige.” October 1934.
Conderacci, Greg. “Defeating Inflation, Alas, Is Not as Easy as Writing Letters.” Wall Street Journal. October 23, 1978.
Condon, David. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Defender. July 30, 1955.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. April 19, 1956.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. May 25, 1956.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. June 10, 1956.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. October 16, 1957.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. February 7, 1958.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. June 23, 1958.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. March 27, 1962.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. July 2, 1965.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. September 13, 1965.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. September 29, 1965.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. October 2, 1965.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. February 16, 1967.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. June 26, 1967.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. April 20, 1968.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. August 21, 1968.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. August 27, 1968.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. February 5, 1971.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. February 12, 1971.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. March 30, 1979.
———. “Satchel Paige: A Legend Is Gone.” Chicago Tribune. July 9, 1982.
———. “Veeck Took Credit; I Got Raps: Hornsby.” Chicago Tribune. June 13, 1952.
Conrad, Marc. “A Paige in Bismarck’s History.” Bismarck Tribune. June 1997.
Considine, Bob. “On the Line.” Washington Post. July 31, 1940.
———. “On the Line.” Washington Post. July 20, 1941.
———. “On the Line.” Washington Post. July 22, 1941.
———. “On the Line.” Washington Post. August 1, 1942.
———. “On the Line.” Washington Post. August 15, 1942.
Coshocton Tribune. “Feller All-Stars Edge Satch.” October 3, 1946.
Costello, Rory. “Twilight at Ebbets Field.” In The National Pastime: Review of Baseball History. Cleveland, OH: SABR, 2006.
Cottrell, Robert Charles. The Best Pitcher in Baseball: The Life of Rube Foster, Negro League Giant. New York: New York University Press, 2001.
Coughlin, Gene. “Daily Scribe Speaks of Jim Crow in the Majors.” Chicago Defender. July 13, 1935.
Cowans, Russ J. “Glory Comes Late to Ol' Satch Via His Untiring Arm.” Chicago Defender. October 9, 1948.
———. “Old Satch Says He's on Last Legs.” Chicago Defender. March 21, 1953.
———. “Russ' Corner.” Chicago Defender. August 30, 1952.
———. “Russ' Corner.” Chicago Defender. November 7, 1957.
———. “Satchel Paige Hurls, but Indians Bow to Braves.” Chicago Defender. October 16, 1948.
———. “Through the Sport Mirror.” Chicago Defender. August 30, 1930.
Crasnick, Jerry. “Post Tourney Preceded Robinson.” Denver Post. April 14, 1997.
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Cummiskey, Joe. “Baseball’s Greatest Drawing Card: Ol’ Satchmo at 38 Still Biggest Diamond Attraction.” Negro Digest. August 1944.
Curran, Eddie. “Sister Shares Memories of Satchel Paige.” Mobile Press-Register. April 1, 1990.
Curtright, Bob. “O’Neil Recalls Negro Leagues, Days in Wichita.” Wichita Eagle. September 21, 1994.
Czerwinski, Kevin. “Paige Added to Legacy During Stint in Minors.” minorleaguebaseball.com. February 2, 2006. http://www.minorleaguebaseball.com/gen/articles/printer_friendly/milb/y2006/m02/d06/c40541.jsp (Accessed June 23, 2008).
Dade, Lawrence. “Foster, Page Open Game.” Chicago Defender.  September 9, 1933.
Daily Independent (Monessen, PA). “Dizzy and Daffy Coming to Pittsburgh.” October 18, 1934.
Daily Worker (New York, NY).  “Old Satch Still Has It, Says Monarchs Owner.” July 3, 1948.
———. “Paige Asks Test for Negro Stars.” September 16, 1937.
Daley, Arthur. “A Master at His Trade.” New York Times. December 10, 1954.
———. “Don’t Look Now but –.” New York Times. January 11, 1961.
———. “Forever is a Long Time.” New York Times. September 4, 1968.
———. “Ol’ Satch Looks Back and Gains.” New York Times. February 10, 1971.
———. “Satch Bows Out.” New York Times. February 19, 1950.
———. “Satch Finally Makes It.” New York Times. July 8, 1948.
———. “Sports of the Times.” New York Times. July 1, 1944.
———. “Sports of the Times.” New York Times. August 26, 1944.
———. “Sports of the Times.” New York Times. July 8, 1948.
———. “Sports of the Times.” New York Times. August 24, 1948.
———. “Sports of the Times.” New York Times. August 28, 1948.
———. “Sports of the Times.” New York Times. October 7, 1948.
———. “Sports of the Times.” New York Times. October 11, 1948.
———. “Sports of the Times.” New York Times. February 19, 1950.
———. “Sports of the Times.” New York Times. July 17, 1953.
———. “Sports of the Times.” New York Times. May 15, 1956.
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———. “Sports of the Times.” New York Times. July 5, 1959.
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———. Cool Papas and Double Duties: The All-Time Greats of the Negro Leagues. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2001.
———. The California Winter League: America’s First Integrated Professional Baseball League. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2002.
———. The King of Swat: An Analysis of Baseball’s Home Run Hitters from the Major, Minor, Negro and Japanese Leagues. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 1997.
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———. “Diet Poses Problem for Torre.” Sporting News. September 14, 1968.
Mobile Press-Register. “Chief of L&N Breaks Ground for New Depot.” December 31, 1953.
———. “Close-friend Monte Irvin Says Thousands of Fans Were Cheated by not Getting to See Paige Pitch.” June 9, 1992.
———. “How ‘Satchel’ Got his Name.” December 5, 1982.
———. “Ladies Discuss Negro Servants.” March 6, 1912.
———. “L&N Is Ready to Construct New Railway Station Here.” April 1, 1952.
———. “L&N Station Project Under Way.” October 23, 1953.
———. “Mobile Colored People Set Good Example.” September 1, 1904.
———. “Negroes Looting Homes of Dead.” October 1, 1906.
———. “Park Named after Paige.” June 7, 1982.
———. “Philip Fatch Loses Life.” January 22, 1909.
———. “Rev. A.F. Owens Finds the Colored People Fared Very Badly.” September 28, 1906.
———. “Sheriff Overpowered and Two Negroes Lynched.” October 7, 1906.
———. “Storm Scenes Night and Day.” September 28, 1906.
———. “Street Closings Allowed for New L&N Station.” December 23, 1952.
———. “The Century: South Alabama’s Journey Through the 20th Century.” August 1, 1999.
———. “Was Mobile-born Satchel Paige the Greatest Pitcher Who Ever Lived?” June 9, 1982.
———. “West India Hurricane Strikes Mobile.” September 28, 1906.
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———. “Defender Dugout.” Chicago Defender. August 2, 1962.
———. “East Beats West in 1-0 Thriller.” Chicago Defender. September 1, 1934.
———. “Everybody Goes When the Wagon Comes.” Chicago Defender. March 14, 1936.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. June 29, 1965.
———. “It's News to Me.” Chicago Defender. September 25, 1937.
———. “It's News to Me.” Chicago Defender. October 9, 1937.
———. “It's News to Me.” Chicago Defender. December 25, 1937.
———. “It's News to Me.” Chicago Defender. February 19, 1938.
———. “It's News to Me.” Chicago Defender. November 26, 1938.
———. “It's News to Me.” Chicago Defender. July 22, 1939.
———. “It’s News to Me.” Chicago Defender. September 30, 1939.
———. “It's News to Me.” Chicago Defender. October 28, 1939.
———. “Lock 'Em Up Boys, They're Bunch of Jumping Players.” Chicago Defender. June 16, 1934.
———. “Sidelights on Exciting Yank-Braves World Series.” Chicago Defender. October 9, 1958.
———. “Smith of Kansas City Twirls No-Hit Shutout.” Chicago Defender. May 22, 1937.
———. “So They Say.” Chicago Defender. October 18, 1958.
———. “So They Say.” Chicago Defender. January 9, 1963.
———. “So They Say.” Chicago Defender. May 9, 1963.
———. “So They Say.” Chicago Defender. June 28, 1965.
———. “So They Say.” Chicago Defender. July 6, 1965.
———. “Speaking of Sports.” Chicago Defender. February 17, 1934.
———. “Speaking of Sports.” Chicago Defender. August 18, 1934.
———. “Speaking of Sports.” Chicago Defender. October 6, 1934.
———. “Speaking of Sports.” Chicago Defender. January 12, 1935.
———. “Speaking of Sports.” Chicago Defender. February 2, 1935.
———. “Speaking of Sports.” Chicago Defender. June 8, 1935.
———. “Swinging the News.” Chicago Defender. November 21, 1942.
———. “Swinging the News.” Chicago Defender. October 18, 1948.
———. “Swinging the News.” Chicago Defender. November 11, 1950.
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                  May 2, 1960.
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———. “Catchin' up with Satch.” Los Angeles Times. August 11, 1974.
———. “Fame or Shame?” Los Angeles Times. June 21, 1964.
———. “Famers or Phantoms?” Los Angeles Times. February 14, 1965.
———. “Feller & His Team.” Los Angeles Times. January 25, 1962.
———. “Feller’s Best Pitch Was for Equality.” Los Angeles Times. August 17, 1982.
———. “Greatest in Baseball.” Los Angeles Times. February 23, 1978.
———. “It's a Game of Love.” Los Angeles Times. March 20, 1973.
———. “Move Over, Satchel.” Los Angeles Times. August 12, 1971.
———. “They’ll Never Catch Up With Satch.” Oakland Tribune. August 14, 1974.
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undated.
Negro League Baseball Players Association.  http://www.nlbpa.com/. Accessed repeatedly.
New Jersey Herald News. “All-Stars.” September 17, 1938.
———.“Local Owner Will Lead Fight on Ball Players Who Violate Contracts.” May 20, 1939.
———. “Paige Antics Puzzle Moguls at Philly Meet.” April 6, 1939.
———. “Paige Signs with Kansas City.” April 29, 1939.
———. “Rumor Paige Arm Is ‘Dead.’” December 3, 1938.
———. “Satchel Paige Looms as ‘Bugaboo’ to Loop Moguls in Coming Winter Meetings.” January 14, 1938.
———. “Satchell Paige Barred from Baseball ‘For Life.’” September 24, 1938.
———. “Satchell Paige Fails to Appear after League Acts.” July 2, 1938.
New York Age. “Charge American Sugar Co. Lured Players from Negro League to South America.” May 29, 1937.
New York News World. “Ball Club Exec Wins Starring Role – Playing Himself.”
September 5, 1980.
———. “Boudreau Recalls Satchel.” June 10, 1982.
———. “Satchel Paige – Bigger than Stats.” June 11, 1982.
New York Post. “Satch Says Larsen Can Win 20 Games.” August 3, 1953.
———. “Satchel Paige’s Big Win.” June 10, 1982.
New York Times. “22,000 See Paige Team Win.” June 1, 1942.
———. “25,000 See Monarchs Defeat Grays, 9 to 3.” September 14, 1942.
———. “38 Athletes Named to Black Hall of Fame.” June 29, 1973.
———. “48,000 See Paige Lose.” August 17, 1942.
———. “‘Ageless’ Satchel Paige Signs Browns’ Contract.” January 11, 1953.
———. “Alabama Negro Lynched.” September 23, 1907.
———. “Baseball’s Front Door Opens to Satchel Paige.” July 8, 1971.
———. “Braves Get 5 Hits in 6-Run Seventh.” October 11, 1948.
———. “Bushwicks Annex Paige.” July 5, 1944.
———. “Cartoonists Will Honor Paige at Dinner Jan. 25.” January 16, 1972.
———. “Deans Are Jeered by Fans in West.” October 16, 1934.
———. “Feller Team Loses, 3-1.” October 1, 1946.
———. “Feller’s All-Stars on Top, 3-2.” October 28, 1945.
———. “Feller's All-Stars Win, 5 to 3.” October 14, 1946.
———.“Feller's Team Wins, 4-2.” October 5, 1946.
———. “Film Role for Satchel Paige.” October 1, 1958.
———. “Gene Bearden, Alvin Dark Named Rookie Players of the Year.” October 29, 1948.
———. “Greensboro Signs Paige.” August 15, 1955.
———. “Indians to Drop Paige.” February 11, 1950.
———. “Indians Triumph with Paige, 8 to 5.” July 16, 1948.
———. “Kansas City Monarchs Win.” September 30, 1942.
———. “Kansas City Negroes Win.” August 25, 1941.
———. “Marlins Reinstate Paige, 50.” August 16, 1958.
———. “Maybe Satch Is 44 Now, but He Doesn't Recollect.” September 12, 1952.
———. “Monarchs Blank Bushwicks.” August 8, 1946.
———. “Monarchs Get Satchel Paige.” May 18, 1961.
———. “Monarchs on Top, 7 to 2.” July 21, 1941.
———. “Monarchs Split Twin Bill.” May 31, 1945.
———. “Monarchs to Play Cubans.” August 5, 1947.
———. “Negro Is Lynched in Mobile Street.” January 24, 1909.
———. “Negro Stars Take No-Hit Game.” September 20, 1937.
———. “Now Pitching:  Satchel Paige.” June 12, 1965.
———. “Ol' Satch's Big Dream of All-Star Comes True.” July 1, 1952.
———. “Old Age, High Pay Strike Out Paige.” January 27, 1954.
———. “Ole Satch Voted Place in Pilots Hall of Fame.” May 14, 1967.
———. “Paige Blanks Feller Team, 8-0.” November 3, 1947.
———. “Paige Blanks White Sox by 1-0, Before Record Crowd of 78,382.” August 21, 1948.
———. “Paige Draws First Fines as a Major League Player.” July 26, 1948.
———. “Paige Effective in ‘Debut.’” August 28, 1961.
———. “Paige Enters Fold with Pay Increase.” February 15, 1949.
———. “Paige Fans 4 Men and Allows 3 Hits in 3 Innings.” August 24, 1959.
———. “Paige Halts Black Yanks.” August 2, 1946.
———. “Paige Hurls 5 Hitless Innings.” July 19, 1943.
———. “Paige Not in Accident.” November 3, 1953.
———. “Paige of Browns Victor in 17th, 3-2.” June 4, 1952.
———. “Paige of Indians Blanks White Sox.” August 14, 1948.
———. “Paige Pays $500 Reward to Fan Who Proved He Played Professional Baseball in 1926.” August 24, 1948.
———. “Paige Ranks Near Top Say 2 Veteran Umpires.” September 1, 1948.
———. “Paige Says Los Angeles Has Made $21,000 Offer.” February 10, 1954.
———. “Paige to Pilot and Pitch.” March 15, 1956.
———. “Paige Tops Black Yanks.” August 13, 1945.
———. “Paige, Smith Star in Box.” August 3, 1942.
———. “Paige’s Team Tops Dean’s All-Stars.” May 25, 1942.
———. “Paige's All-Stars Rout Feller's, 4-0.” October 7, 1946.
———. “Paige's Monarchs on Top.” June 18, 1945.
———. “Paige's Team Is Beaten.” July 3, 1944.
———. “Pierce, White Sox, Named by Stengel.” July 7, 1953.
———. “Playing Ball in Jim Crow’s Day.” July 19, 1976.
———. “Protest Paige ‘Hesitation Pitch.’” August 2, 1951.
———. “Puerto Rico Clears Paige.” July 1, 1941.
———. “Reunion Toasts Bell, Paige.” June 24, 1981.
———. “Rickey Cites Wire to Refute Critics.” October 26, 1945.
———. “Rickey Claims That 15 Clubs Voted to Bar Negroes from the Majors.”
February 18, 1948.
———. “Rickey Takes Slap at Negro Leagues.” October 25, 1945.
———. “Satch is Back, Pitching for Pension.” August 13, 1968.
———. “Satchel.” June 10, 1982.
———. “Satchel.” June 19, 1982.
———. “Satchel Paige in Hospital.” June 3, 1968.
———. “Satchel Paige in Hospital.” March 27, 1969.
———. “Satchel Paige Injured.” November 2, 1953.
———. “Satchel Paige Is 44: Mother Clears Mystery as to Age of Indians’ Pitcher.” July 18, 1948.
———. “Satchel Paige Returns to Organized Baseball.” August 26, 1961.
———. “Satchel Paige to Pitch.” July 2, 1944.
———. “Satchel Paige to Pitch.” June 17, 1945.
———. “Satchel Paige, a Lively 52 (?), Says Ball Is ‘Livelier, All Right.’” August 18, 1961.
———. “Satchel Paige, Ace Negro Pitcher, Signed by Indians for Relief Role.” July 8, 1948.
———. “Satchel Paige, Using ‘My Nuthin' Ball,’ Tames Chicago in 4-Inning Stint.” May 21, 1951.
———. “Satchel Paige's Mother, 104.” January 6, 1966.
———. “The Fabulous Satchel.” July 16, 1948.
———. “Travels by Own Plane.” July 9, 1946.
———. “Turley Strikes Out 17 Men.” January 5, 1954.
———. “West Nine Takes Negro Game by 7-4.” August 14, 1944.———. “Wichita Café Ends Segregation.” December 29, 1961
New Yorker. “Slow.” September 13, 1952.
Newark Daily News. “Paige Antics Puzzle Moguls at Philly Meet.” May 6, 1939.
———. “Paige Vacation Throws Weight to Terry McDuffie.” June 11, 1938.
———. “Same Ole ‘Satch.’” July 2, 1938.
———. “Satchel Paige Must Report to Newark Eagles by July 15.” July 9, 1938.
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———. “When Batters Wobble.” July 14, 1958.
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———. “Paige, Willis Win for Elite Giants.” Pittsburgh Courier. January 5, 1935.
———. “‘Satch’ in Classic.” Pittsburgh Courier. December 29, 1934.
———. “Satchel Paige and Willis Win in Winter League Loop.” Chicago Defender.
December 8, 1934.
———. “Satchel Paige Unbeaten on Coast; Hero of League.” Chicago Defender.
                  February 2, 1935.
———. “‘Satchell’ Has ‘His Day’ on Coast.” Pittsburgh Courier. November 25, 1933.
———. “Satchell Outpitches Thurston.” Pittsburgh Courier. December 23, 1933.
———. “Satchell Paige Twirls Elites to Victory on the Coast.” Pittsburgh Courier.
December 15, 1934.
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———. “Satchel Paige Outhurls Feller.” October 7, 1946.
Norfolk Journal and Guide. “Paige Deal Hangs Fire with Owners.” April 23, 1938.
———. “Pittsburgh Crawfords Split Twin Bill with Cincinnati; Satchell Paige in First Tilt.” April 24, 1937.
———.“Satchell Paige Will Be Barred from N.N. League.” May 8, 1937.
Nunn, William G. “As ‘Speedball’ Satchell Paige Ambled into the East-West Game and Simply Stole the Show: ‘Satch’ Stops ‘Big Bad Men’ of West Team.” Pittsburgh Courier. September 1, 1934.
———. “Cornelius Beats Satchell, 5 to 3, to Give Chi Title.” Pittsburgh Courier. July 15, 1933.
———. “Paige Hurls No-Hit Classic.” Pittsburgh Courier. July 7, 1934.
———. “Plucky Nashville Team Loses Three Thrillers.” Pittsburgh Courier. October 7, 1933.
———. “Satchell Paige Is Magnet at E-W Game.” Pittsburgh Courier. August 29, 1936.
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———. “Unforgettable Satchel Paige.” Reader’s Digest. April 1984
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Oakland Tribune. “All-Stars Blank Negro Royals, 5-0.” October 18, 1946.
———. “Feller Beats Paige.” October 17, 1946.
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———. “Satchel Paige: His Bag Is Pitching.” Los Angeles Times. August 17, 1968.
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———. We Played the Game: 65 Players Remember Baseball’s Greatest Era, 1947-1964.
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———. “The Satchel Paige Legend.” New York Daily News. February 11, 1971.
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———. “Paige Rides Back of ‘Hall’s’ Bus.” San Francisco Chronicle. April 12, 1971.
———. Only the Ball Was White: A History of Legendary Black Players and All-Black Professional Teams. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
Philadelphia Tribune. “4 Clubs to Stage Own ‘Dream Game.’” July 30, 1936.
———. “Clip Craws in Smoky City 4 Game Series.” May 21, 1936.
———. “Craws Annex 2 From Stars Here, 6-4, 8-5.” July 30, 1936.
———. “Craws Charge Dominicans in Player Snatch.” April 29, 1937.
———. “Grays, Giants, Craw-Men Play in Denver Tourney.” July 30, 1936.
———. “Homestead Grays Set Craws 11-2.” September 22, 1934.
———. “Paige Wins in N.Y. Opener.” May 15, 1941.
———. “Satchel Paige Whips Grays, 8-0.” September 19, 1942.
———. “Satchel Panics Philly Fans.” July 24, 1941.
———. “Satchel’s Arm Hurt in Yankee Stadium Game.” July 24, 1941.
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Phoenix & Times Democrat (Muskogee, OK). “Satchel Paige Was Trailblazer.” June 1, 1982.
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———. “Tommy's Corner.” Chicago Defender. August 15, 1961.
———. “Tommy's Corner.” Chicago Defender. March 3, 1962.
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Pinckney, Paul. “Paige Yields 1 Hit in 5 Frames; Kay Cees Win.” Chicago Defender. July 4, 1942.
Pittsburgh Courier. “1934 Was Satchell’s Biggest Year, Belief.” November 17, 1934.
———. “20,000 See Grays Beat ‘Satch’ in DC.” August 22, 1942.
———. “27,462 See Satch’s Team Beat Feller’s.” October 12, 1946.
———. “5 Major Clubs Represented on East Dream Team.” September 9, 1933.”
———. “Are Negro Ball Players Good Enough to ‘Crash’ the Majors?” August 12, 1939.
———. “Baseball War Brews over Satchel Paige as 2 Teams Claim his Services.” June 1, 1940.
———. “Cincy Buckeyes Split with Kay Cee Monarchs.” June 20, 1942.
———. “Crawford Wins Five, Loses One to Dixie 9.” September 17, 1933.
———. “Crawfords Cop Hot Series from Detroit Stars.” June 24, 1933.
———. “Crawfords Hang ‘For-Sale’ Sign on Satchel.” April 16, 1938.
———. “Crawfords Take 2 out of 3 from Chicago: Foster Beaten, Paige Is Winner.”
May 19, 1934.
———. “Crawfords Win Dixie Opener.” April 7, 1934.
———. “Craws Beat N.Y. 8-4, 6-5; Paige, Gibson Star.” May 16, 1936.
———. “Craws Cop 3 from New Orleans.” April 21, 1934.
———. “Craws Cop 3 out of 4 from Chi.” July 14, 1934.
———. “Craws in Twin Win as Philly Falters.” August 1, 1936.
———.“Craws Lose 2 out of 3 to Nashville.” July 7, 1934.
———. “Craws Win 1, Lose 3 to N.Y. Black Yanks; Paige Pitches No-hit Game.” July 16, 1932.
———. “Craws Win 4 out of 6 from Philly.” August 25, 1934.
———. “Eagles Beat Satch, Meet Stars Next.” June 27, 1936.
———. “Elites Defeat Stars and Craws Blank Yankees.” September 24, 1936.
———. “Grays Make It 3 in Row as Paige Loses at Capitol.” August 22, 1942.
———. “Grays Win Second Holiday Tilt, 4-3.” July 7, 1934.
———. “Greenlee Field Data Released.” July 9, 1932.
———. “Highest Bidder to Get Hurler.” April 16, 1938.
———. “Hunter Holds Foe to 2 Hits, Wins, 3 to 0.” May 21, 1934.
———. “‘I’m Holding Out Because Joe DiMaggio Advised Me To,’ Says Satchel Paige.”
April 23, 1938.
———. “Josh Gibson’s Long Homer in Ninth Decided Final Tilt.” June 2, 1934.
———. “Landis Clamps Down on Winter Leaguers.” November 27, 1943.
———. “Landis Cracking Down on Players in Winter Loop.” December 4, 1943.
———. “‘Majors Couldn’t Pay Me Enough,’ ‘Satchel’ Claims.” August 15, 1942.
———. “Monarchs Win, 4-3.” September 7, 1946.
———. “Nomadic Grays Run Winning Streak up to 9 Straight Games.” June 9, 1934.
———. “Noted Speed-Ball Ace of Craws Fans 17 as Grays Are Beaten, 4-0.” July 7, 1934.
———. “Paige Brilliant as Grays Wallop Dean and Team.” June 6, 1914.
———. “Paige Stops Grays as Crawfords Cop, 10 to 7.” August 8, 1931.
———. “Paige, Davis Win Coast Ball Games, Elites Lead.” December 24, 1932.
———. “Paige-to-Newark Deal Excites Eagle Fans; Team Remains Calm.” April 16, 1938.
———. “Report or Be Barred from Ass'n, Warn Paige.” April 6, 1935.
———.“‘Satchel’ Paige Has 16 Wins, Fans 229.” February 24, 1934.
———. “Satchel Paige Will be Barred from N.N. League.” May 1, 1937.
———. “‘Satchell’ Fans 13, but Finally Loses on Coast.” December 2, 1933.
———. “Satchell Must Join Camp or Be Ousted.” April 13, 1935.
———. “Satchell Outhurls Dizzy!” October 27, 1934.
———. “Satchell Paige's Fire Ball Hurling Fells Stars.” October 13, 1934.
———. “Satchell Pitches Shut-Out Victory.” June 20, 1936.
———. “Satchell Supreme in Craw Victory.” June 10, 1933.
———. “Satchell to Oppose Jones in Stadium.” September 29, 1934.
———. “‘Was Misquoted,’ Says ‘Satchel.’” August 22, 1942.
———. “Willie Foster and Satchell Paige to Settle Ancient Feud When They Oppose Each Other on Mound July 8.” July 1, 1933
———. “Wylie Avenue, Here and There.” January 2, 1965.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. “Gus Greenlee, Pioneer of Numbers Here, Dies.” July 8, 1952.
Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph. “Grays Lose as Paige Fans Gibson in Clutch.” September 11, 1942.
Plaisted, Ed. “Satch Blows Stack – Clowns Aren’t Funny.” Sporting News. July, 15 1967.
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Pollock, Alan J. Barnstorming to Heaven: Syd Pollock and His Great Black Teams. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2006.
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Porter, David L., ed. Biographical Dictionary of American Sports, Baseball. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.
Porter, G.L. “Same Teams Play Benefit Game in Cleveland, Aug. 18.” Chicago Defender. August 15, 1942.
Porter, L.E. “‘Satchel’ a Flop in ‘Frisco.” Chicago Defender. May 30, 1936.
Posey, Cum. “Cum Posey's All-American Baseball Club.” Pittsburgh Courier. October 17, 1936.
———. “Gibson, Paige on All-America Team.” Pittsburgh Courier. November 27, 1943.
———. “Pointed Paragraphs.” Pittsburgh Courier. December 16, 1933.
———. “Pointed Paragraphs.” Pittsburgh Courier. November 3, 1934.
———. “Pointed Paragraphs.” Pittsburgh Courier. November 16, 1935.
———. “Pointed Paragraphs.” Pittsburgh Courier. November 23, 1935.
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Vega Imbert, Mickey Vernon, Fay Vincent, George Walden, Johnny Walker, Jimmy Walker, Bunny Warren, Levi Washington, Johnny Washington, Reg Waterton, Bud Watkins, Bob Weir, Isaac Welch, Ernie Westfield, Sonny Weston, Jim Wheeler, Charles Whitehead, Larry Whiteside, Tom Wickstrom, Harry Wiley, Dick Wilkinson, Helen Wilkinson, Dean Williams, Franklin Williams, Larry Williams, Marty Williams, Walter Williams, Willie Williams, Artie Wilson, Lyle Wilson, Yvonne Wilson, Kearney Windham, Kenneth Wood, Walter Wood, Bryan Woolley, Hubert Wooten, Carl Yastrzemski, Jim Zapp, Vertes Zeigler.
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———. “Sox Outlast Cleveland; Win Long Frame, 11-10.” Chicago Tribune. May 14, 1949.
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———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. September 29, 1948.
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———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. May 19, 1952.
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———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. June 5, 1953.
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———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. February 25, 1954.
———. “In the Wake of the News.” Chicago Tribune. March 18, 1954.
———. “Talking It Over.” Chicago Tribune. January 26, 1935.
———. “Talking It Over.” Chicago Tribune. November 7, 1935.
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———. “Homestead Grays Beat Monarchs.” August 30, 1943.
———. “Ol' Satch Cost Just $55,000 Paper Figures.” August 25, 1948. 
———. “Ol' Satch, Heavier and Eager, Checks into Indian Camp.” March 16, 1949.
———. “Ol' Satchel Just Keeps Hurling Along.” July 12, 1951.
———. “‘Old Satch’ Back in Business.” May 8, 1951.
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———. “Ole Satchel Paige Can Sit Pretty in Bull-Pen Now.” June 26, 1952.
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———. “Paige Claims Miami Owes Him $1300.” April 12, 1959.
———. “Paige Forgiven for Tardiness.” April 17, 1949.
———. “Paige Reinstated After ‘Resigning’ from Miami.” August 16, 1958.
———. “Paige Stops Grays 11 to 3 for Monarchs.” August 11, 1943.
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———. “Prize Forfeits $5.” August 11, 1945.
———. “Satch Hurls 3-Hit, 1-0 Win.” August 21, 1948.
———. “Satch, Pro in ’26, Pays Fan Who Proves It.” August 24, 1948.
———. “‘Satchel’ May Draw Record Crowd Tonight.” August 10, 1943.
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———. “‘Satchel’ Paige Stars in Four-Inning Turn.” August 3, 1942.
———. “Satchel Paige Turns Movie Actor.” December 21, 1958.
———. “Satchel Paige Will Manage, Play in Alaska.” August 28, 1965.
———. “Satchel Paige's All-Stars Lose to Monarchs.” August 21, 1959.
———. “Satch's Pitches to Nats ‘Illegal,’ Rules Harridge.” July 21, 1948.
———. “Signing of Negroes Can’t Be Worked Out, Says Paige.” August 7, 1942.
———. “Slow-Moving Satchel Pays for Going Too Fast.” December 10, 1948.
———. “Young Men Keep Paige from Majors.” July 17, 1960.
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———. “Craws Win 3, Grays 2; Beverly and Britt Pitch.” Pittsburgh Courier. June 4, 1932.
———. “Morney's Homer in Ninth Beats Bachs 9 to 7.” Pittsburgh Courier. July 28, 1934.
———. “Paige Fans 12 to Shade Jones in Hot Mound Duel.” Pittsburgh Courier. September 15, 1934.
———. “Paige Wins 7-6 in 1st, Powell Takes 2nd, 7-4.” Pittsburgh Courier. September 8, 1934.
———. “Satch Should be Barred.” Pittsburgh Courier. May 1, 1937.
———. “Satchel Has Been ‘Babe’ to Colored Baseball.” Pittsburgh Courier. January 12, 1935.
———. “Sez Ches.” Pittsburgh Courier. January 28, 1933.
———. “Sez Ches.” Pittsburgh Courier. July 1, 1933.
———. “Sez Ches.” Pittsburgh Courier. April 14, 1934.
———. “Sez Ches.” Pittsburgh Courier. May 31, 1934.
———. “Sez Ches.” Pittsburgh Courier. July 14, 1934.
———. “Sez Ches.” Pittsburgh Courier. August 18, 1934.
———. “Sez Ches.” Pittsburgh Courier. September 1, 1934.
———. “Sez Ches.” Pittsburgh Courier. April 20, 1935.
———. “Sez Ches: Adding Color to Baseball.” Pittsburgh Courier. March 7, 1936.
———. “Sez Ches: Satchel’s Back in Town.” Pittsburgh Courier. May 9, 1936.
———. “Sez Ches.” Pittsburgh Courier. August 22, 1936.
———. “Sez Ches.” Pittsburgh Courier. September 24, 1936.
———. “Sez Ches.” Pittsburgh Courier. April 3, 1937.
———. “Sez Ches.” Pittsburgh Courier. April 24, 1937.
———. “Sez Ches.” Pittsburgh Courier. March 7, 1938.
———. “Sez Ches.” Pittsburgh Courier. August 1, 1942.
———. “Spirited Rally by Monroe Nipped as Paige Wins Classic.” Pittsburgh Courier. September 10, 1932.
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———. “Satch (52?) Strikes a NEW Blow for Aging Players.” New York Times. August 21, 1961.
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———. “Feller All-Stars Beat Paige Team in 10th.” Los Angeles Times. October 5, 1946.
———. “Satchel Paige Beats Philly Stars, 3-1.” Pittsburgh Courier. October 6, 1934.
———. “Sports Shots.” Pittsburgh Courier. September 17, 1932.
———. “Sports Shots.” Pittsburgh Courier. July 8, 1933.
———. “Sports Spots.” Pittsburgh Courier. February 10, 1934.
Winnipeg Free Press. “Bismarck Drops Close Ball Game to Devil’s Lake: Satchel Paige and Mates Beaten 4-3 When Ninth-Inning Rally Nipped.” June 21, 1935.
———. “Celebrated Hurler to Pitch at Wesley Today.” May 24, 1934.
———. “Jamestown Will Use Satchel Paige.” August 28, 1934.
———. “Third Strike-Outs Seen in Game Here – Maroons Hold Substantial Lead: Satchel Paige Fans Seventeen While Brewer Turns Back Thirteen Batters.”June 7, 1935.
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———. “Big League Aces Whip Stars, 3-1.” Los Angeles Times. March 16, 1953.
———. “Paige Attracts Throng of 10,800.” Los Angeles Times. October 25, 1943.
———. “Paige Touted the Greatest.” Los Angeles Times. April 2, 1961.
———. “Paige, Boudreau Star in Tribe Win.” Los Angeles Times. March 25, 1949.
———. “Seraphs Can Get Paige if Price Is Right.” Los Angeles Times. January 30, 1954.
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———. “Sportraits.” Los Angeles Times. July 10, 1948.
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———. “Sportraits.” Los Angeles Times. February 16, 1950.
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———. “Sportraits.” Los Angeles Times. February 1, 1954.
———. “Sportraits.” Los Angeles Times. February 13, 1954.
———. “Wolf Picks Cleveland to Win in Six Games.” Los Angeles Times. October 6, 1948.
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Woolley, Bryan. “Herbert Kokernot, Satchel Paige, and Me.”  In Generations and Other True Stories. El Paso: Texas Western Press, 1995.
Wyatt, Dick. “Postscripts.” Washington Post. February 12, 1945.
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Young, A.S. “An ‘Old Man’ Makes Baseball History.” Ebony. March 1969.
———. “Doby, Paige in Vital Roles; Indians Beat Yankees.” Cleveland Call and Post.
August 14, 1948.
———. “Dodgers-Indians Exhibition Draws 25,000 Negro Fans; Tribe Wins, 4-3.” Cleveland Call and Post. July 24, 1948.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. May 6, 1965.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. May 20, 1965.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. June 10, 1965.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. July 7, 1965.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. July 26, 1965.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. August 2, 1965.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. September 21, 1965.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. November 4, 1965.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. November 16, 1965.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. March 29, 1966.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. April 7, 1966.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. June 29, 1966.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. August 2, 1966.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. August 18, 1966.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. August 22, 1966.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. January 9, 1967.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. January 16, 1967.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. June 5, 1967.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. July 12, 1967.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. August 15, 1968.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. April 22, 1969.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. May 5, 1969.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. February 15, 1971.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. February 25, 1971.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. July 15, 1971.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. August 16, 1971.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. August 18, 1971.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. December 29, 1971.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. June 6, 1973.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. September 17, 1975.
———. “Good Morning, Sports!” Chicago Defender. October 28, 1975.
———. “‘Gotta Go to School!’ Satchel Says.” Cleveland Call and Post. July 17, 1948.
———. “Hollywood Opens Door to Sepia Stars.” Chicago Defender. October 20, 1959.
———. “Hotel Strike is News to Larry.” Cleveland Call and Post. April 2, 1948.
———. “How Negro Players Saved Organized Baseball.” Chicago Defender. May 4, 1965.
———. “Indians Sign Satchel.” Cleveland Call and Post. July 10, 1948.
———. “Indians Win American League Pennant!” Cleveland Call and Post. October 9, 1948.
———. “Inside Sports.” Jet. April 24, 1952.
———. “Inside Sports.” Jet. January 15, 1953.
———. “Newcombe: A Future Paige, Dean?” Cleveland Call and Post. September 11, 1948.
———. “Play Ball!” Chicago Defender. April 30, 1949.
———. “Satch Cut Off after Refusing Cut in Salary.” Chicago Defender. April 29, 1950.
———. “Satch Paige Limits Cubs to One Bingle,” Cleveland Call and Post. April 2, 1949.
———. “Satchel Paige Pitches Tribe Back into First Place.” Cleveland Call and Post. August 7, 1948.
———. “Shaffer Thinks Paige Will Be Back.” Cleveland Call and Post. October 23, 1948.
———. “Sportivanting.” Cleveland Call and Post. July 24, 1948.
———. “Sportivanting.” Cleveland Call and Post. October 23, 1948.
———. “Sportivanting.” Cleveland Call and Post. October 30, 1948.
———. “Sportivanting.” Cleveland Call and Post. November 20, 1948.
———. “Sportivanting.” Chicago Defender. December 31, 1949.
———. “The Inside Outlook.” Chicago Defender. April 25, 1962.
———. “Tribe Should Gallop Home in Front Again in 1949.” Cleveland Call and Post. March 12, 1949.
———. “Young Predicts Indians in Six.” Cleveland Call and Post. October 9, 1948.
———. Great Negro Baseball Stars and How They Made the Major Leagues. New York: A.S. Barnes, 1953.
———. Negro Firsts in Sports. Chicago: Johnson Publishing, 1963.
Young, Dick. “Young Ideas.” New York Daily News. February 11, 1971.
Young, Doc. “Is This a Yankee Fan or Is He Sore at the Cards?” Chicago Defender. April 10, 1943.
Young, Fay. “23,000 Watch Paige Subdue Clowns, 6-1.” Chicago Defender. September 7, 1946.
———. “Challenge to the Big Leagues.” Chicago Defender. September 26, 1942.
———. “Doby Tips Scale for Tribe, Satch Sees Action in Fifth Game.” Chicago Defender. October 16, 1948.
———. “End of Baseball’s Jim Crow Seen with Signing of Jackie Robinson.” Chicago Defender. November 3, 1945.
———. “Fay Says.” Chicago Defender. July 8, 1950.
———. “Fay Says.” Chicago Defender. March 31, 1951.
———. “Fay Says.” Chicago Defender. February 21, 1953.
———. “Fay Says.” Chicago Defender. July 10, 1954.
———. “Fay Says.” Chicago Defender. August 28, 1954.
———. “Fay Says... Meet Bill Veeck.” Chicago Defender. February 26, 1949.
———. “Joe Still Fans' Hero.” Chicago Defender. October 16, 1948.
———. “Negro Athletes Giving Their All for Victory.” Chicago Defender. September 26, 1942.
———. “Newark Ties Kansas in World Series.” Chicago Defender. September 28, 1946.
———. “Paige Gets Himself Fired from Role as Pitcher in East vs. West Classic.” Chicago Defender. August 12, 1944.
———. “Paige Threatens Not to Hurl in All-Star Game.” Chicago Defender. August 5, 1944.
———. “Player Strike Almost Halts All-Star Game.” Chicago Defender. September 19, 1944.
———. “Rube Foster -- A Name That All Baseball Fans Revere.” Chicago Defender. August 7, 1948.
———. “‘Satch’, Baseball's Great Drawing Card.” Chicago Defender. May 28, 1949.
———. “Satchel Hurls for Cleveland Indians.” Chicago Defender. July 17, 1948.
———. “Satchel Paige Magnificently Defeats Sox.” Chicago Defender. August 21, 1948.
———. “Satchel Paige Makes History Before 51,013.” Chicago Defender. August 21, 1948.
———. “The Stuff Is Here.” Chicago Defender. March 4, 1939.
———. “The Stuff Is Here.” Chicago Defender. September 14, 1940.
———. “The Stuff Is Here.” Chicago Defender. August 9, 1941.
———. “The Stuff Is Here.” Chicago Defender. September 6, 1941.
———. “The Stuff Is Here.” Chicago Defender. September 20, 1941.
———. “Through the Years.” Chicago Defender. May 9, 1942.
———. “Through the Years.” Chicago Defender. May 23, 1942.
———. “Through the Years.” Chicago Defender. May 30, 1942.
———. “Through the Years.” Chicago Defender. June 27, 1942.
———. “Through the Years.” Chicago Defender. July 25, 1942.
———. “Through the Years.” Chicago Defender. August 15, 1942.
———. “Through the Years.” Chicago Defender. November 14, 1942.
———. “Through the Years.” Chicago Defender. December 19, 1942.
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